Jeevan Philip
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This book is about the origin of Indian Christianity, especially Syriac Christianity, based on archaeological findings from ancient sites of the Afro-Eurasian Socio-commercial network. In light of the archaeological data and artistic imagery represented in Central Asian religious Syncretism and historical narrative, the author questions the Martyrdom of St. Thomas at Mylapore, Chennai, and its prime evidence Pahlavi inscribed crosses. Contrary to popular belief, the author meticulously suggests the possibility of a Gnostic origin of Pahlavi crosses of South India. He proposes the origin of present-day Syriac Christianity in India is an amalgamation of different gnostic groups comprising Farsi-Dravidian Manichaeans and Judeo-Dravidian pre-proto-orthodox groups in post 9th century period under the Syriacs missionary supervision. Analysing archaeological data against the history of the Indian Ocean trade along with the evolution of the symbol of the cross in Christendom, the author questions the claims of Syriac Churches not only in India but also in Mesopotamia and Central Asia. To substantiate his proposals, the author provides a detailed study on the central Asian and Chinese evolution of the cross symbol, suggesting the possible religious Syncretism played by Manichaeism, Buddhism, Taoism, and East Syriac Christianity. The study on the spread wing motifs of crosses from Sasanian Christianity will be an eye-opener to the Indian Syriac Christians who falsely claim that the spread wings of Pahlavi crosses are Lotus-cross combinations that built similar to Quinjiao crosses of south China, which was historically a product of the Buddhist-Manichaean-Nestorian Syncretism. Finally, the explanation of Makara imagery on the Mount cross bas-relief structure substantiated by the ontological principle of Manichaeism and its literature, especially Chinese Manichaean Hymn scroll H19 in which a community of Manichaean auditors calls Jesus (Yishu) to save their boat from the Makara, the representative of the realm of Dark forces possibly reveals the true identity of the Mount cross.
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Jeevan Philip is an independent researcher, who studied Physics, Mathematics and Management at Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh. His primary interest in History, Archaeology, Linguistics and Genetics steered him to take serious research on the socio-cultural history of different castes and social groups of India. He spent over twenty years learning the origin of Christianity in India and produced some thought-provoking articles. He often deviates from the usual methodology of historical studies by applying modern scientific fields such as Linguistics, Archaeology, Genetics etc., to test the veracity of the established historical beliefs and myths to reach more historical facts supported by evidence.
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